It is known that the Gadubanud people traded spear wood for green stone mined by the Wurundjeri when tribes met at traditional ceremonies around the Gariwerd district. The Gadubanud made bark canoes for use in the rivers, lakes, estuaries and along the coast. They had a varied diet. The many middens along the coast show fragments of turban shells, abalone, periwinkle, elephant fish, chiton, beaked mussel and limpets. It is known that seals, Cape Barren geese, eels and ducks were also eaten, along with New Zealand spinach, tubers and berries.
During the 1830s Gadubanud successfully avoided interactions with European settlers. Early squatters thought the area was uninhabited. At least five clans are recorded, including Bangura gundidj, Guringid gundidj, Ngalla gundidj, Ngarowurd gundidj and the Yan Yan Gurt clan. The Gadubanud were considered mainmait (wild) by neighbouring language groups the Wada Wurrung and Girai Wurring.
The area became a source of timber for European settlement when William Lindsay, searching for coal, discovered many valuable stands of timber along the coast. In 1841, the bay was used by Captain Louttit when his schooner, Will Watch, was forced into the bay by a heavy north-westerly gale. After four days he travelled to Melbourne and reported the bay as an ideal place to shelter.
In 1846, surveyor George Smythe had the name Louttit Bay registered at Superintendent Latrobe’s office in Melbourne. In 1849 Lindsay was granted a splitter’s licence to cut timber. He built a dwelling on the north side of what is now the Swing Bridge at the mouth of the Erskine River. In 1850, tragically his two sons, William and Joseph, were smothered when the tunnel they were building collapsed.
In the 1850s there were several attempts to farm the area and in 1864 the three Mountjoy brothers, Thomas, Caleb and Lawrence, settled on the Louttit Bay run. Their two-roomed dwelling was the first rate-producing property at Lorne for the Winchelsea Shire.
Many of the cattlemen spoke of the natural beauty of Lorne, the word spread and the demand for accommodation increased, prompting the Mountjoys to build the Temperance Hotel, which eventually became Erskine House. Lorne Historical Society has a range of tourist information about the town and organises historical walking tours of Lorne. Contact Lorne Historical Society for information.